1986 Madonna – True Blue

True Blue is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Madonna, released on June 30, 1986, by Sire Records. She co-wrote and produced the entire album with Stephen Bray and Patrick Leonard. True Blue deals with her visions of love, work, dreams as well as disappointments, and was inspired by her then husband Sean Penn, to whom Madonna dedicated the album. Musically, the songs on the album took a different direction from her previous endeavours, incorporating classical music in order to engage an older audience who had been skeptical of her music.

The album features instrumentation from acoustic guitars, drums, synthesizers and Cuban musical instruments. The topic for the songs range from love, freedom, and in the case of “Papa Don’t Preach”, social issues like teenage pregnancy. After its release, True Blue received critical acclaim, with music critics who complimented the album as the archetype of the late 1980s and early 1990s pop albums. They also praised the fact that Madonna’s voice sounded stronger than it did on her previous efforts, while commending Madonna’s skills as a singer, songwriter and entertainer.

True Blue was an immediate global success, reaching number one in then record-breaking 28 countries across the world, including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States. It spent 34 consecutive weeks at the top of the European Top 100 Albums chart, longer than any other album in history. It became the world’s top-selling album of 1986, as well as the best-selling album of the 1980s by a female artist. With estimated sales of over 25 million copies worldwide, True Blue remains one of the best-selling albums of all time. Five singles released from the album—”Live to Tell”, “Papa Don’t Preach”, “True Blue”, “Open Your Heart”, and “La Isla Bonita”—all reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 or the UK Singles Chart.

Tracks

Papa Don’t Preach (Brian Elliot; Madonna) 04:29
Open Your Heart (Gardner Cole; Madonna; Peter Rafelson) 04:13
3  White Heat (Madonna; Patrick Leonard) 04:40
Live To Tell (Madonna; Patrick Leonard) 05:51
5  Where’s The Party (Patrick Leonard; Stephen Bray) 04:21
True Blue (Madonna; Stephen Bray) 04:17
La Isla Bonita (Bruce Gaitsch; Madonna; Patrick Leonard) 04:02
8  Jimmy Jimmy (Madonna; Stephen Bray) 03:55
9  Love Makes The World Go Round (Madonna; Patrick Leonard) 04:33

Musicians

1 Papa Don’t Preach

DrumsJonathan Moffett
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
GuitarDavid Williams
GuitarJohn Putnam
Acoustic GuitarJohn Putnam
KeyboardsStephen Bray
KeyboardsFred Zarr
Background VocalsEdie Lehmann
Background VocalsSiedah Garrett
VocalsMadonna


2 Open Your Heart

DrumsJonathan Moffett
GuitarDavid Williams
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
PercussionPaulinho Da Costa
VocalsMadonna


3 White Heat

DrumsJonathan Moffett
Drums (programming)Patrick Leonard
Drums (programming)Stephen Bray
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
GuitarPaul Jackson Jr
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
Background VocalsDavid Williams
Background VocalsJackie Jackson
Background VocalsJonathan Moffett
Background VocalsKeithen Carter
Background VocalsRichard Marx
VocalsMadonna


4 Live To Tell

Drums (programming)Patrick Leonard
DrumsJonathan Moffett
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
VocalsMadonna


5 Where’s The Party

Drums (programming)Patrick Leonard
Drums (programming)Stephen Bray
GuitarDann Huff
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
KeyboardsStephen Bray
SaxDave Boruff
VocalsMadonna


6 True Blue

Drums (programming)Stephen Bray
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
KeyboardsStephen Bray
KeyboardsFred Zarr
Background VocalsEdie Lehmann
Background VocalsSiedah Garrett
VocalsMadonna


7 La Isla Bonita

Drums (programming)Patrick Leonard
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
PercussionPaulinho Da Costa
Background VocalsEdie Lehmann
Background VocalsSiedah Garrett
VocalsMadonna


8 Jimmy Jimmy

Drums (programming)Stephen Bray
GuitarBruce Gaitsch
KeyboardsStephen Bray
KeyboardsMichael Hutchinson
KeyboardsFred Zarr
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
VocalsMadonna


9 Love Makes The World Go Round

GuitarPaul Jackson Jr
KeyboardsPatrick Leonard
KeyboardsStephen Bray
PercussionPaulinho Da Costa
Background VocalsEdie Lehmann
Background VocalsSiedah Garrett
VocalsMadonna

Liner Notes

Producer – Madonna
Producer – Stephen Bray (Tracks 1, 5, 6, 8)
Producer – Patrick Leonard (Tracks 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9)
Arranged By (Strings) – Bill Meyers (Track 1)
Engineer – Michael Verdick
Mixed By – Michael Verdick
Mixed By (Assistant) – Dan Nebenzal

Art Direction – Jeffrey Kent Ayeroff, Jeri McManus
Design – Jeri McManus
Photography By – Herb Ritts

Mastered At Future Disc
Mixed At Master Control, Burbank
Recorded At Channel Recording
Phonographic Copyright (p) Sire Records Company
Copyright (c) Sire Records Company